There are many ways in which a newborn’s heart may be defective, and the extent to which each malformation can affect a baby’s health varies as well. Congenital (present at birth) heart defects can range from those requiring no treatment to life-threatening conditions. There are many options for treatment, from medication to minor surgery to heart transplantation or any combination of procedures and drugs.
What is universal is the fear and concern that parents experience when their child is diagnosed with a congenital heart defect. Unfortunately, there are many known and unknown reasons a child may develop a heart defect, some of them preventable and some of them not. Luckily, medical treatments have come a long way, and the prognosis for all babies with heart defects is better than ever before.
For more information on congenital heart defects and what may have caused them, click on any of the links below:
- Atrial Septal Defect (ASD)
- Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)
- Coarctation of the Aorta
- Double Outlet of the Right Ventricle
- Hypoplastic Left Heart Syndrome (HLHS)
- Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension in Newborns (PPHN)
- Pulmonary Atresia/Right Ventricular Outflow Tract Obstructions (RVOTO)
- Tetralogy of Fallot
- Transposition of the Great Arteries (TGA)
- Truncus Arteriosus